Tooth Restoration – Dental Fillings, Inlays and Onlays


Tooth restoration can include procedures such as dental fillings, inlays, onlays, veneers and crowns. These procedures restore a tooth to its original form and function optimally again. Unlike a simple dental filling, tooth restoration offers long term outcomes.


Direct restorations are placed directly into a prepared cavity and typically completed in one visit. Examples include composite fillings and dental bonding.


Dental fillings are one of the most common and least invasive forms of tooth restoration. They are used to repair cavities, also known as holes in the teeth, that are caused by tooth decay. To perform a filling, a dentist first needs to numb the area around the affected tooth. They do this by applying a topical gel or anesthetic injection. The dentist then uses a drill to clean out the hole and remove any decayed material. They will then fill the cavity with a material that matches the rest of your teeth, and it is hardened.

There are several different types of dental filling materials, including amalgam, composite resins, glass ionomer cement, and porcelain. Composite resins are typically the preferred type of filling, as they look more like a natural tooth and don’t expand and contract like metal fillings. Porcelain fillings are custom made in a laboratory and are more expensive, but they are durable and stain resistant. They are a good choice for larger cavities, as they tend to be less visible than other types of fillings.


Unlike dental fillings that can only cover small areas of tooth decay, onlays or inlays are used to restore teeth with larger cavities. These are also called indirect restorations because they are placed on top of the damaged tooth rather than inside the mouth like direct restorations.

During your first appointment, the dentist will prepare the tooth by numbing it and then removing any existing filling materials or decayed areas. A mold is then taken of the tooth to ensure that your onlay or inlay will fit perfectly. A temporary restoration will then be placed on the tooth to protect it until your next appointment.

At your second appointment, the inlay or onlay will be bonded and cemented into place using either a resin that hardens when exposed to a special light source or 강남임플란트 permanent cement. The result is a strong, long-lasting tooth that only requires the same level of care as a natural tooth. This includes conscientious daily brushing, flossing, and regular visits to your dentist. This can help you avoid more complex, costly tooth restoration procedures down the road.


Unlike a regular dental filling, onlays and inlays are pre-formed in the lab. They are bonded to the damaged tooth, creating a more conservative treatment than a dental crown. Rather than removing significant amounts of healthy tissue, they strengthen the tooth and can often allow you to chew up to 75 percent more.

Both onlays and inlays are made from a solid piece of porcelain, composite resin, or gold. They fit over the biting surface of a tooth replacing one or more cusps (points). Inlays fill in the spaces between the cusps while onlays can extend over the cusps or the entire tooth’s biting surface.

During your first visit, one of our dental professionals will prep the tooth by numbing the area with local anesthesia. They will then remove any decayed or damaged tissue and take a mold impression of the tooth for an onlay or Emax onlay to be fabricated in a laboratory. To protect the tooth, they will place a temporary restoration and schedule your second appointment. During the second visit, your dental professional will remove the temporary restoration and permanently bond the onlay or inlay to the tooth checking that it fits properly and your bite is secure.


Crowns, when cemented in place, completely encase a tooth that may be broken or worn down to strengthen it and improve its appearance. This type of dental restoration is often necessary when there is too much damage for a filling and/or when the tooth has been compromised by root canal therapy.

These types of restorations are typically made in layers which gives the finished restoration a translucent appearance and a natural tooth shape. They also have great abrasion resistance to resist chewing and wear and are extremely biocompatible with the mouth. Porcelain, porcelain fused to metal and gold crowns are commonly used materials.

If you have a cracked, chipped, or broken tooth it is important to come in for restoration before the situation worsens. Our goal is to save as much of your original enamel tooth as possible. It’s much less invasive for both your tooth and the rest of your teeth to repair these problems promptly rather than waiting to address them. This will prevent further complications like TMJ or tooth decay. It will also make it easier to repair the problem with a crown.


Dental bridges are a popular tooth replacement option. These restorations bridge the gap left by missing teeth, improve chewing and speaking function and reduce the risk of future complications like gum disease, jaw instability and changes in face shape.

The procedure for a dental bridge is usually carried out over two separate visits. During the first visit, your dentist will prepare healthy teeth on either side of the gap and take a mould for the bridge. A temporary crown will be placed over the prepared tooth until your permanent bridge is ready.

A traditional bridge consists of one or more false teeth, called ponttics, joined with crowns that attach to the healthy teeth on either side of the gap. A cantilever bridge, on the other hand, requires only one healthy tooth to support it. While this is less invasive, it can lead to increased risk of damage to the abutment teeth, and the bridge itself may be less stable. The abutment teeth can also develop cavities and gum disease, so good oral hygiene and regular visits to your dental practitioner are essential for a long-lasting bridge.